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Tank Louis Cartier Watch.

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Louis CARTIER (1875–1942) was a famous French watchmaker and businessman known worldwide for elegant and extravagant watch designs. He was passionate about mechanical pocket watches and had the goal of creating his own line of timepieces. Although Patek Phillipe created the first wristwatch in 1868, Louis Cartier is responsible for helping to popularize it over the traditional pocket watch.

In 1904, his Brazilian friend Alberto Santos-Dumont, an early aviation pioneer, asked Louis Cartier to design a watch that could be used during his flights, since pocket watches were not suitable. Louis Cartier created for him the Santos wristwatch, which was also the first wristwatch made for men. Santos first went on sale in 1911, the date of Cartier's first production of wristwatches. In Rue de la Paix he designed timepieces with the help of Edmond Jaeger who agreed to supply Cartier's watch line with movements.

The most important steps in Cartier's family business were made over several generations by the goldsmith Louis François Cartier, his son Alfred Cartier, and his three grandsons, Pierre, Jacque and Louis François. While his father Alfred managed the production of jewelry, Louis François and his two brothers, Pierre and Jacques, were the ones to help the family business expand. They eventually turned the Cartier brand into the most well-known name in the world of jewelry and watchmaking. In 1899 the Cartier family moved their Paris store to the elegant Rue de la Paix; later stores in London (1902), Moscow (1908) and New York (1909) followed.

In 1912 Cartier introduced two models still in production today, the Baignoire and Tortue; 1917 saw the debut of the Tank. It was also during this period that Cartier began adding reference numbers to the watches it sold, usually by stamping a four-digit code on the underside of a lug. In fact, many collectors refuse to accept a Cartier as an original unless these numbers are present.

Louis Cartier died in 1942. In 1945 his brother Pierre took over the family business and became the president of Cartier International. Later Cartier International turned into a huge multinational organization. In 1972 its president, Robert Hocq, took over the branches of Cartier in London and New York, and re-established the prestige of Cartier. Today Cartier watches contain the movements of such famous Swiss watchmaking companies as Vacheron Constantin, Audemars Piguet, Movado and Le Coultre.

Throughout its history the company designed models such as Tonneau in 1906, Tortue in 1912 and Tank in 1910. After the death of Louis François and changes in the management of the company, Cartier went on to produce Baignoire and Pan.

CERTINA Kurth Frères SA is a Swiss luxury watchmaker company founded in Grenchen, 1888, by Adolf and Alfred Kurth, and currently an affiliate company of the Swatch Group.

Certina Kurth Frères SA was founded in 1888 when Adolf and Alfred Kurth opened in Grenchen their first movement and supplies factory for the watchmaking industry. At the start Certina's staff consisted of three employees working in a workshop that was connected to the family home. Certina did not begin producing complete watches and timepieces for a few years which they then did alongside their work producing movements for other companies. By 1938 the company had expanded and 250 employees celebrated the 50th anniversary of the company. At that time Certina were already known as pioneers. Certina continued to expand and by 1955 the company had 500 employees working between the factory and offices, producing 1,000 timepieces every day. Certina worked up a new business plan that expanded its operations and was at the time considered the most modern and best equipped watchmakers in the world. By 1972 Certina employed 900 people and produced 600,000 watches every year. The company was ranked first in most major jewellery watch fairs, and they obtained both the "International Diamonds Awards" and the "Golden Rose" award. By this time Certina was producing 375,000 watch components per day and used 53,000 rubies. 1983 Certina became a member of the SMH Group (Swatch).

CITIZEN Holdings Co., Ltd. is the core company of a Japanese global corporate group based in Tokyo, Japan. The company was originally founded as Shokosha Watch Research Institute in 1918 and is currently known as the manufacturer of Cincom precision lathe machine tools as well as Citizen watches. The trade name originated from a pocket watch Citizen sold in 1924. It is one of the world's largest producers of watches.

Eco-Drive watches use a battery recharged by a solar panel hidden under the watch face. In the rare and discontinued Eco-Drive Duo series, the solar power was supplemented by an automatic quartz power source. There was also an Eco-Drive Thermo model that exploited temperature differentials between the wearer's skin temperature and ambient temperature to recharge the battery. However, the only Eco-Drive system currently described on the Citizen Watch official web site is the one depending solely on light to recharge. Features similar to the Eco-Drive have been developed by other manufacturers like Casio or Junghans. All Citizen Eco-Drive models are made in Japan but may also be assembled in China.

The Skyhawk A-T line of watches features Radio Controlled Timekeeping. The watches can synchronize with radio clocks in Japan, North America, and Europe and will automatically select the correct frequency for doing so based upon location of home time zone. The watch actually tracks two time zones—home and world—but synchronizes to the 'home' zone. When traveling, the user may swap the 'home' and 'world' zones—thereby enabling proper time signal reception on a different continent while retaining the other time. The day, date, and Daylight Saving Time settings are also set automatically when the watch is synchronized. These features are comparable to the synchronization with atomic clocks found in Casio Wave Ceptor watches. The Perpetual Chrono A-T is another of Citizen's radio controlled watches. The watch syncs with the atomic clocks in Colorado or Germany depending on signal strength and location. It also incorporates the eco-drive technology which means it will never require a battery.

Citizen also manufactures watches for collectors. For example, a watch bearing the colors and logo of the Blue Angels. This watch is part of the Skyhawk A-T line, which utilizes Eco-Drive as its primary power source and features Atomic Timekeeping. The bezel of the watch includes a slide rule useful for calculating time, distance, speed, conversions, and other computations useful for pilots. The Blue Angels use blue and gold as their trademark colors and the watch bears this colour scheme. In the UK, a version of the same watch bears the colours and logo of the Red Arrows, the Royal Air Force's world-famous acrobatic display team.

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  • Cabestan Winch Tourbillon Vertical - Pink Gold.
  • CABESTAN WATCHES - founded in 2003. "The Future of Tradition. The brand that adds a breath of 21st century air to a 450-year old concept."
  • CACHEUX HAUTE-HORLOGERIE - all collections.
    • ELEPHANT TOURBILLON - "Massive, impressive, gigantic, are superlative degrees which suit perfectly to this new watch, as to well as an elephant! Furthermore, the bracelet coming to advance above the case as two horns to protect the timepiece, that's why, quite naturally that its name of baptism was this one!"
  • CAL ALEXANDER - by Prodori.
  • Calibre - Sport Watches.
  • CK Calvin Klein CK DART Watch.
  • CALVIN KLEIN - men's.
  • CALVIN KLEIN - women's.
  • CAMEL ACTIVE - by Mondaine Watches.
  • CANDINO - "Swiss Watch." Behind a great brand there is always a large group, and behind Candino is the Festina Group. A group that comprises five brands of watches: Festina, Lotus, Jaguar, Candino and Calypso, and two brands of jewellery: Lotus Style and Lotus Silver.
  • CARBON14 - "A watch for every occasion."
  • Carl F. Bucherer Manero watch.
  • CARL F. BUCHERER - Lucerne 1888. "Embracing our heritage and paying tribute to the fine art of precision watchmaking through a limited-edition collection. Discover for yourself the exquisite craftsmanship and exceptional design of timepieces that marry two of our lasting values, tradition with excellence, in a compelling collection."
  • CARL F. BUCHERER - Wikipedia.
    • ADAMAVI - "Carl F. Bucherer benefits from being an independent watch brand. Providing continuity to the high quality brand is based on a valuable store of experience in the field of mechanical watchmaking and the art of jewelry."
    • Heritage - "The launch of this collection of limited timepieces marks one of many highlights in the company’s anniversary year and pays tribute to the rich tradition of the Swiss watch manufacturer from Lucerne."
    • MANERO - "The Manero is virtuoso watchmaking craftsmanship in its most authentic form, a timeless classic of discrete yet powerful elegance."
    • Pathos - "The Pathos is radiant in a garland of faceted steel that reflects the light in atmospheric glints and gleams."
    • PATRAVI - "Traditional watchmaking artistry, the highest technical and innovative standards, striking design - all combined in one watch, the Patravi from Carl F. Bucherer."
  • CARLO FERRARA - "Carlo Ferrara is a luxury Italian watch brand, known for its Regulatore collection timepieces which feature hour and minute hands on independent vertical elliptical tracks, giving the watches a unique time display. A blend of Italian design with Swiss manufacturing."
  • Carrera y Carrera - at ebay.
  • Carter Marsh & Co - "Fine Clocks and Watches." Our business has been dealing in antique clocks and watches from 32A The Square since 1947. Together we have unparalleled experience in the field, with particular emphasis on the finest English clockmakers. This heritage has helped the company to handle some of the world’s most iconic horological pieces, and this continues today.
  • Cartier Pasha Seatimer Lady Watch, Pasha de Cartier Collection.
  • CARTIER - "Jeweler and Watchmaker since 1847."
  • CARTIER - "All Men's Watches." From the iconic Tank to the elegant Drive to the masterful Rotonde, Cartier has created a plethora of original fine watches for men over the years. Discover the exceptional timepieces that stand for strong temperament, aesthetics, and precision.
  • CARTIER - "Women's Watches." From the timeless Santos to the ethereal Ballon Bleu to the exquisite Maillon, Cartier has created a plethora of original fine watches for women over the years. Discover the exceptional timepieces that stand for elegance, beauty, and precision.
  • Jacqueline Kennedy’s Cartier watch goes up for sale - The Telegraph.
  • Cartier Collection: Complications - "Movements with complications that offer additional information, apart from the time, are considered the peak of the watchmaker's art. Watches with these sophisticated mechanisms chime the hours, show the date, wake you up, measure an event... From 1910, Cartier's example encouraged the most prestigious manufacturers of movements to offer their clients highly technical watches in exceptionally elegant designs."
  • Cartier Paris, 1945-1947. Cufflinks with compas and watch.
  • Cartier Collection: Cufflinks - cufflinks with compas and watch.
  • Cartier Collection: Jewellery watches - "Whatever the watch, appearance takes precedence. Cartier firmly remains a jeweller, and almost every watch it invents includes a highly precious jewellery version. Many women’s models are principally conceived to be decorative: it is a bracelet with a watch rather than a watch with a bracelet."
  • CARTIER Collection: Santos - "In 1904, the Brazilian pilot Alberto Santos-Dumont complained to his friend Louis Cartier that while he was flying with both hands on the controls, it was impossible to read the time on his pocket watch. Soon afterwards, Cartier sent him a prototype of a wristwatch. It was sold from 1911 as the Santos. It was the first watch with bracelet attachment lugs integrated into the case. These integrated lugs made it the first modern wristwatch for men.
  • CARTIER Collection: Shaped Watches - "Louis Cartier was the first to set the design codes of modern watchmaking from the perspective of a jeweller. A pioneer of his time, he believed the beauty of a watch was not just a matter of its decoration. The size, shape and proportions, the look of the metal, and the harmony between bracelet and case were just as important. He soon became interested in "Special-Shaped watches" – those with a case that broke away from the traditional round design. "Tonneau" (barrel) shaped watches in 1906, square cases from 1908, and "tortue" (turtle) shapes in 1912 were the first examples of very beautiful watchmaking created by an innovative jeweller."
  • CARTIER Collection: Tank - designed by Louis Cartier in 1917. "He had seen press pictures of the first Army tanks. Their metal tracks inspired the watch's principal feature: its lateral brancards, or the vertical sides. This time, with a perfect simplicity that Cartier liked, the lugs and case formed a straight line."
  • Cartier PanthÈre: the relaunch of a Eighties icon - The Telegraph.
  • Cartier Pasha is back - "Cartier Relaunches The Pasha, A 1980s Cult Favorite, And Introduces The Maillon De Cartier."
  • From War Time To Watch Time: The Tank Behind The Cartier Tank - "How the first modern tank inspired the last word in elegance."
  • How Cartier has maintained its timeless appeal for nearly two centuries - "Pierre Rainero of Cartier International gives us an insight into the appeal of the luxury maison's timepieces."
  • How the Cartier Crash Became The Most Important Vintage Watch of 2021 - "A new world-record auction price for the Crash is just the latest chapter in the history of this surreal Cartier."
  • LOUIS CARTIER - Wikipedia
    • Ballon Bleu de Cartier.
    • BALLON BLEU COLLECTION - "An optical illusion encased in a domed crystal. Ballon Bleu challenges our perception of time and space."
    • Tortue Watch, Cartier d'Art Collection.
    • Cartier d'Art COLLECTION
    • Tank Folle Watch, Cartier Libre Collection.
    • Cartier Libre COLLECTION - "The 'Cartier Libre' collection combines femininity with a glittering sense of extravagance as it elegantly plays with the Maison's signature forms."
    • Diamond River Baguette Watch, Cartier High Jewelry Watches.
    • High Jewelry Watches COLLECTION - "High Jewelry watches created by Cartier. Brought to life by circles, lozenges and squares, and set with the most precious stones, the graphic and harmonious lines of Cartier High Jewelry watches create extravagant perspectives."
    • Pasha Tourbillon Chronograph Watch, Pasha de Cartier Collection.
    • Pasha de Cartier COLLECTION - "True to its first iteration in 1985, the new Pasha de Cartier is amplified by originality and uniquely powerful, bringing together elements that go beyond classic watchmaking. It’s more than meets the eye."
    • Pasha Seatimer Lady Watch, Pasha de Cartier Collection.
    • Pasha Seatimer Lady watch - "True to its first iteration in 1985, the new Pasha de Cartier is amplified by originality and uniquely powerful, bringing together elements that go beyond classic watchmaking. It’s more than meets the eye."
    • Cartier Secret Watch, Precious Creations Collection.
    • Precious Creations COLLECTION - "This collection, a balance between measure and excess, cannot be categorised."
    • Ronde Louis Cartier Watch, Ronde Louis Cartier Collection.
    • RONDE LOUIS CARTIER COLLECTION - "Stemming from the days of Louis Cartier, the Ronde de Cartier is defined by Roman numerals, blue sword-shaped hands, and a sapphire cabochon. Its winding mechanism, crowned with a rail-track minute circle, make it a true staple of timeless elegance."
    • Rotonde de Cartier Watch.
    • Rotonde de Cartier COLLECTION - "Stemming from the days of Louis Cartier, the Ronde de Cartier is defined by Roman numerals, blue sword-shaped hands, and a sapphire cabochon. Its winding mechanism, crowned with a rail-track minute circle, make it a true staple of timeless elegance."
    • Santos de Cartier Galbée watch, large model.
    • Santos de Cartier - "The first modern watch meant to be worn on the wrist."
    • Tank Louis Cartier Extra-Flat Watch, Tank Collection.
    • Tank Collection - "Cartier’s rectangular watch: modern elegance meets creativity."
  • CARUCCI
  • CARVEN
  • CASIO - founded in 1946.
  • Casio Outdoor Smartwatch WSD-F10: Everything you need to know.
  • Casio Outdoor Smartwatch - "Smart and Active for Nature's Biggest Adventures."
  • CATAMARAN - since 1983.
  • CATENA
  • CATERPILLAR
  • CATOREX - since 1858. "The First Creator of Pocket and Pendant Watches in Switzerland."
  • CATTIN - since 1858. "Your Swiss Partner for Private Label Watches."
  • CECIL PURNELL
  • CÉDRIC JOHNER
  • CST-01: the thinnest watch in the world.
  • Central Standard Timing - CST-01: the thinnest watch in the world.
  • CENTURY
  • CERRUTI 1881
  • CERTINA - founded 1888.
  • CERTINA - Wikipedia.
  • CESARE PACIOTTI
  • CHAIKA WATCHES - since 1956.
  • J12 Editions Exclusives Calibre 3125.
  • CHANEL WATCHES - men's & women's.
  • CHAPAL
  • CHARLES DAVID
  • CHARLES OUDIN PARIS - since 1790.
  • CHARMEX OF SWITZERLAND
  • CHARRIOL
  • CHASE-DURER PILOT WATCHES
  • CHATILA - since 1860.
  • Chaumet Class One.
  • CHAUMET - founded in 1780.
  • Chopard L.U.C.
  • CHOPARD - founded in 1860. "Exceptional timepieces stemming from meticulous workmanship."
  • CHOPARD - Wikipedia.
    • ALPINE EAGLE - "Contemporary, streamlined, assertive, the new sport-chic Alpine Eagle timepiece collection is inspired by the Alps and the imperious strength of the majestic eagle."
    • CLASSIC - "Classic watches stand for Chopard's Swiss watchmaking tradition and its timeless, understated appeal."
    • CLASSIC RACING - "Chopard's Classic Racing watches build a bridge between automotive engineering and mechanical watchmaking, stemming from the passion of Karl-Friedrich Scheufele."
    • GRAND COMPLICATIONS - "Chopard has a strongly ingrained philosophy of independence and masters the full range of watch production operations. The Maison Grand Complications timepieces feature some of the greatest breakthroughs in watchmaking such as the tourbillon, the perpetual calendar or the equation of time."
    • HAPPY DIAMONDS - "Since 1976, Chopard has established a strong recognition and identity by revolutionising the watch industry with the Happy Diamonds line. For the first time, moving diamonds could be appreciated between two crystal sapphire glasses on the face of the watch."
    • HAPPY SPORT - "Launched in 1993, the happy sport model is the first watch to combine diamonds with a stainless steel case. It remains until today one of the most iconic models and most desirable in the industry."
    • ICE CUBE - "The juxtaposition of the cube and the curve make the Ice Cube timepiece unique and instantly recognisable. With its minimalist elegance, it adorns modern amazons who are fans of its graphic design and disrupt the established order."
    • L'HEURE DU DIAMANT - "L'Heure du Diamant unveils two pillars of Chopard's savoir-faire; watchmaking and gem-setting in one unique collection. An exceptional prong-setting paying tribute to the most precious stone in the world, the Diamond."
    • IMPERIALE - "Eminently feminine, the IMPERIALE collection dazzles with the richness and delicacy of its details. It pays tribute to modern-day empresses whose noble, majestic beauty is rivalled only by their conquering spirit. A tribute to modern achievers."
    • LA STRADA - "The generous curves of the La Strada collection capture the aura of muses from 1950s Italian cinema. Chopard pays tribute to these women, just as Federico Fellini's films did."
    • Chopard L.U.C XP Il Sarto Kiton.
    • L.U.C - "L.U.C men's watches epitomize the highest standard of Swiss watchmaking. The steps involved in making L.U.C watches are all performed at the Maison's Geneva and Fleurier workshops. These exceptional timepieces stemming from meticulous workmanship meet the aspirations of the contemporary gentleman."
  • CHOTOVELLI - since 1920.
  • CHRIS AIRE
  • CHRIST
  • Christiaan van der Klaauw CVDK7384 Real Moon 1980.
  • Christiaan van der Klaauw - since 1974. "The only atelier in the world that is devoted to the design and production of exclusive, hand-made astronomical watches."
  • CHRISTIAN AUDIGIER
  • CHRISTIAN JACQUES
  • CHRISTIAN LASS - since 2018. "Watchmaker, Speaker & Educator." Christian Lass is the former Master Watchmaker of the Patek Philippe Museum in Geneva. Today he provides his services in the field of restoration, conservation and as an adviser to collectors and museums across the world.
  • CHRISTINA DESIGN LONDON - Swiss made diamond timepieces.
  • Christophe Claret Dualtow Limited Edition.
  • CHRISTOPHE CLARET
  • Christopher Ward C1 Morgan Chronometers.
  • CHRISTOPHER WARD - "Swiss Made watches from Christopher Ward."
  • CHROMACHRON
  • CHRONODECO - "Limited Edition Timepieces." Repair and restoration.
  • CHRONOGRAPHE SUISSE - "A brand with Italian style."
  • CHRONOSWISS
  • CHRONOVSKI - since 1932.
  • CIMIER
  • Citizen Eco Drive.
  • CITIZEN - founded in 1918. One of the world's largest producers of watches.
  • CITIZEN WATCH CO. - Wikipedia.
  • CLAUDE MEYLAN
  • CLAUDE VALENTINI
  • CLERC - since 1874.
  • 10,000 Year Clock - The Clock of the Long Now.
  • Clock of the Long Now - 10,000 Year Clock.
  • COACH - founded in New York in 1941. Men's.
  • COACH - founded in New York in 1941. Women's.
  • COBRA & BELLAMY
  • CODEX
  • Cogito Fit - "Fashion concious connected watch that also has a number of fitness features."
  • Cogito Pop - smartwatch for Android.
  • Cogito Pop - smartwatch for Android.
  • COGNITIME - "Capture the pure Scandinavian moods."
  • COINWATCH
  • COLIBRI
  • Collection Jean Lassale Modèles homme 12049Y.
  • COLLECTION JEAN LASSALE
  • COMELIE Timepieces - The Comelie London Watch.
  • The Queen Anne by Comitti of London.
  • COMITTI - clockmakers since 1850. "Comitti of London have been making the finest quality grandfather (longcase) clocks and barometers for over 150 years."
  • CONCEPTO WATCH FACTORY
  • CONCORD - founded 1908.
  • CONSUL OF SWITZERLAND
  • CONTINENTAL - since 1924.
  • CONVERSE - founded 1908. Men's.
  • CONVERSE - founded 1908. Women's.
  • Cornelius & Cie. Chronosome 46XY.
  • CORNELIUS & CIE.
  • CORUM
  • COVER
  • CREDOR SPRING DRIVE SONNERIE - "Pure Sound. Pure Motion. Pure Perfection."
  • CRONIERS
  • Cross Men's Chronograph Watch with rose gold finish.
  • CROSS
  • CROTON - founded in 1878.
  • CUBUS
  • Cuckoo Clock.
  • CUCKOO CLOCK - Wikipedia.
  • CUERVO Y SOBRINOS - founded in 1882.
  • CUSTIME
  • CVSTOS
  • CX SWISS MILITARY WATCH - since 1963.
  • CYCLOS
  • CYMA - founded in 1862.
  • Cyrus Kelpcys Vertical Tourbillon.
  • CYRUS - "Committed to demonstrating that Haute Horlogerie can be both original and different without compromising in any way on quality and respect for tradition."
  • Czapek Place Vendôme Rose Gold “Lumières.
  • Czapek Genève - founded in 1845 and relaunched on November 10, 2015, the company was relaunched in front of journalists, friends and watch lovers in Geneva. Fellow enthusiasts were given the opportunity to take part in the great adventure of Czapek's revival, by investing through an equity crowdfunding campaign. The company became the first Haute Horlogerie Company revived by watch connoisseurs worldwide.
  • The Czapek Antarctique Rattrapante “Core” Model Is The Best Thing Of 2021 So Far - "While technically limited to 77 pieces, the one-off concept 'seen' at Only Watch 2021 gets a proper roll-out..."
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