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Bitcoin - 'The Internet of Money'.

Top 15 Most Important Cryptocurrencies 2018

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A CRYPTOCURRENCY (or crypto currency) is a digital asset designed to work as a medium of exchange using cryptography to secure the transactions, to control the creation of additional units, and to verify the transfer of assets. Cryptocurrencies are classified as a subset of digital currencies and are also classified as a subset of alternative currencies and virtual currencies.

Bitcoin, created in 2009, was the first decentralized cryptocurrency. Since then, numerous cryptocurrencies have been created. These are frequently called altcoins, as a blend of bitcoin alternative. Bitcoin and its derivatives use decentralized control as opposed to centralized electronic money/centralized banking systems. The decentralized control is related to the use of bitcoin's blockchain transaction database in the role of a distributed ledger.

BITCOIN is a worldwide cryptocurrency and digital payment system called the first decentralized digital currency, as the system works without a central repository or single administrator. It was invented by an unknown person or group of people under the name Satoshi Nakamoto and released as open-source software in 2009. The system is peer-to-peer, and transactions take place between users directly, without an intermediary. These transactions are verified by network nodes and recorded in a public distributed ledger called a blockchain.

Bitcoins are created as a reward for a process known as mining. They can be exchanged for other currencies, products, and services. As of February 2015, over 100,000 merchants and vendors accepted bitcoin as payment. Bitcoin can also be held as an investment. According to research produced by Cambridge University in 2017, there are 2.9 to 5.8 million unique users using a cryptocurrency wallet, most of them using bitcoin.

A BLOCKCHAIN – originally block chain – is a continuously growing list of records, called blocks, which are linked and secured using cryptography. Each block typically contains a hash pointer as a link to a previous block, a timestamp and transaction data. By design, blockchains are inherently resistant to modification of the data. A blockchain can serve as "an open, distributed ledger that can record transactions between two parties efficiently and in a verifiable and permanent way." For use as a distributed ledger, a blockchain is typically managed by a peer-to-peer network collectively adhering to a protocol for validating new blocks. Once recorded, the data in any given block cannot be altered retroactively without the alteration of all subsequent blocks, which requires collusion of the network majority.

A HARD FORK is a change of rules that allows creating new blocks not considered valid by the older software.

CRYPTOCURRENCY MARKET CAPITALIZATIONS | CoinMarketCap is a website for tracking capitalization of various cryptocurrencies.

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    Top 15 Most Important Cryptocurrencies 2018
  • BITCOIN | BTC - since 2009. "The Internet of Money." ("A cryptocurrency for the masses.") Bitcoin is different than any currency you’ve used before, so it's very important to understand some key points. Unlike government issued money that can be inflated at will, the supply of Bitcoin is mathematically limited to twenty one million bitcoins and that can never be changed. Bitcoin is a peer-to-peer currency. Peer-to-peer means that no central authority issues new money or tracks transactions. These tasks are managed collectively by the network. Besides being created as a reward for mining, bitcoin can be exchanged for other currencies, products, and services. As of February 2015, over 100,000 merchants and vendors accepted bitcoin as payment. Bitcoin can also be held as an investment. According to research produced by Cambridge University in 2017, there are 2.9 to 5.8 million unique users using a cryptocurrency wallet, most of them using bitcoin.
  • Bitcoin Cash | BCH - since 2017. (Hard fork of the cryptocurrency bitcoin.) "Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash." Bitcoin Cash brings sound money to the world, fulfilling the original promise of Bitcoin as "Peer-to-Peer Electronic Cash". Merchants and users are empowered with low fees and reliable confirmations. The future shines brightly with unrestricted growth, global adoption, permissionless innovation, and decentralized development.
  • Bitcoin Gold | BTG - since 2017. "Make Bitcoin Decentralized Again." Bitcoin Gold is a hard fork of the open source cryptocurrency Bitcoin. The fork occurred on 24 October 2017, at block height 491407. Bitcoin Gold decentralizes mining by adopting a PoW algorithm, Equihash, which cannot be run faster on the specialty equipment used for Bitcoin mining (ASIC miners.) This gives ordinary users a fair opportunity to mine with ubiquitous GPUs.
  • Cardano | ADA - since 2015. Considered a 3rd generation cryptocurrency, and ranks as of January 10 2018, at Coinmarketcap.com among the top 10 traded values, with a market cap of $19,726,196,786. Cardano is a decentralised public blockchain and cryptocurrency project and is fully open source. Cardano is developing a smart contract platform which seeks to deliver more advanced features than any protocol previously developed. It is the first blockchain platform to evolve out of a scientific philosophy and a research-first driven approach. The development team consists of a large global collective of expert engineers and researchers
  • Dash | DASH - since 2014. "Dash is Digital Cash You Can Spend Anywhere." Use Dash to make instant, private payments online or in-store using our secure open-source platform hosted by thousands of users around the world.
  • Dogecoin | DOGE - since 2013. Dogecoin is an open source peer-to-peer digital currency, favored by Shiba Inus worldwide. Dogecoin is a decentralized, peer-to-peer digital currency that enables you to easily send money online. Think of it as "the internet currency."
  • EOS | EOS - since 2017. "The Most Powerful Infrastructure for Decentralized Applications." The EOS.IO Testnet has arrived. Scalable decentralized applications can now be built and tested in a public environment. Blockchain that operates as a smart contract? platform for the deployment of decentralized applications and decentralized autonomous corporations.
  • Ethereum | ETH - since 2015. "Blockchain App Platform." Build unstoppable applications. Ethereum is a decentralized platform that runs smart contracts: applications that run exactly as programmed without any possibility of downtime, censorship, fraud or third-party interference. These apps run on a custom built blockchain, an enormously powerful shared global infrastructure that can move value around and represent the ownership of property. This enables developers to create markets, store registries of debts or promises, move funds in accordance with instructions given long in the past (like a will or a futures contract) and many other things that have not been invented yet, all without a middleman or counterparty risk.
  • Ethereum Classic | ETC - since 2015. "Decentralized. Immutable. Unstoppable." Decentralized platform that runs smart contracts: applications that run exactly as programmed without any possibility of downtime, censorship, fraud or third party interference. Continuation of the original Ethereum blockchain - the classic version preserving untampered history; free from external interference and subjective tampering of transactions.
  • IOTA | MIOTA - since 2016. "The Backbone of the IOT is here." Scalable, Decentralized, Modular, No Fees. As the Internet-of-Things keep expanding, the need for interoperability and sharing of resources become a necessity. IOTA enables companies to explore new business-2-business models by making every technological resource a potential service to be traded on an open market in real time, with no fees.
  • Litecoin | LTC - since 2011. "Global decentralized based on blockchain technology." Litecoin is securely stored in a wallet on your computer, tablet, phone or laptop. Download yours and start sending and receiving payments with an address and a click.
  • Monero | XMR - since 2014. "Private Digital Currency." Monero is a secure, private, and untraceable cryptocurrency. It is open-source and accessible to all. With Monero, you are your own bank. Only you control and are responsible for your funds. Your accounts and transactions are kept private from prying eyes.
  • NEM | XEM - since 2015. "The Smart Asset Blockchain." Peer-to-peer cryptocurrency and blockchain platform launched on March 31, 2015. NEM’s blockchain platform was designed and coded from the ground up for scale and speed. NEM’s permissioned private blockchain delivers industry-leading transaction rates for internal ledgers.
  • NEO | NEO - since 2014. "An Open Network For Smart Economy." on-profit community-based blockchain project that utilizes blockchain technology and digital identity to digitize assets, to automate the management of digital assets using smart contracts, and to realize a "smart economy" with a distributed network.
  • Ripple | XRP - since 2012. "The world’s only enterprise blockchain solution for global payments." Ripple connects banks, payment providers, digital asset exchanges and corporates via RippleNet to provide one frictionless experience to send money globally. Built on the most advanced blockchain technology that is scalable, secure and interoperates different networks. Provides optional access to the world’s fastest and most scalable digital asset for payments, XRP.
  • Stellar | XLM - since 2014. "Move Money Across Borders Quickly, Reliably, And For Fractions Of A Penny." Stellar is a distributed, hybrid blockchain that is fully open-source. It is infrastructure that exists to facilitate cross-asset transfers of value, including payments. With just one integration into the Stellar Network, you will join an open, global financial network where all actors - be they people, payment networks, or banks – have equal access & economic participation.
  • Tether | USDT - since 2015. "The new way to move money." Tether gives you the joint benefits of open blockchain technology and traditional currency by converting your cash into a stable digital currency equivalent. By leveraging Blockchain technology, Tether allows you to store, send and receive digital tokens pegged to dollars, euros, and yen person-to-person, globally, instantly, and securely for a fraction of the cost of any alternative.
  • TRON | TRX - since 2017. "Decentralized Trustworthy Application, Smart Contracts empowered by blockchain, Digital Values issued and obtained by everyone, A Next Era of Web 4.0." Blockchain-based decentralized protocol that aims to construct a worldwide free content entertainment system with the blockchain and distributed storage technology. The protocol allows each user to freely publish, store and own data, and in the decentralized autonomous form, decides the distribution, subscription and push of contents and enables content creators by releasing, circulating and dealing with digital assets, thus forming a decentralized content entertainment ecosystem. Peiwo App with over 10 million users will become the first TRON-compatible entertainment APP.
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