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Louvre Museum | Musée du Louvre, Palais Royal, 75058 Paris, France. One of the world's largest museums. Nearly 35,000 objects from prehistory to the 21st century are exhibited over an area of 60,600 square metres (652,300 square feet).

Europe's Top 500 Museums and World Heritage Sites

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    Austria
  • Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna, Austria.
  • Historical Hitler Sites: Vienna (46) - The Hitler Pages.
  • List of historical sites associated with Ludwig van Beethoven - Wikipedia.
  • LIST OF MUSEUMS IN AUSTRIA - Wikipedia.
  • MUSEUMS IN AUSTRIA BY CATEGORY
    • 007 Elements Cinematic Installation, Bergbahnen Sölden, Dorfstraße 115, 6450 Sölden, Austria.
    • 007 Elements Cinematic Installation - since July 12, 2018. "The brand new James Bond Installation in Sölden, Austria stands for a cinematic peak experience. Where Daniel Craig was in front of the camera for the Spectre movie shooting, visitors will experience an unprecedented highlight for film enthusiasts from 12 July 2018 onwards. It will lead deep into the cinematic universe of the planet's most famous Secret Agent." Bergbahnen Sölden, Dorfstraße 115, 6450 Sölden, Austria.
    • Ambras Castle - renaissance castle and palace located in the hills above Innsbruck.
    • BEETHOVEN PASQUALATIHAUS - altogether Ludwig van Beethoven worked in Vienna for thirty-five years. Thereof he spent eight years living in this apartment on the fourth floor. Mölker Bastei 8, Vienna.
    • BEETHOVEN WOHNUNG HEILIGENSTADT - this house in the Vienna suburb of Heiligenstadt is dedicated to a crucial and devastating event in the life of Ludwig van Beethoven. It recalls the "Heiligenstädter Testament" he wrote in 1802 – the letter to his two brothers which he never sent and in which he expressed his despair over his advancing deafness. Probusgasse 6, Vienna.
    • Belvedere - historic building complex in Vienna, Austria, consisting of two Baroque palaces (the Upper and Lower Belvedere), the Orangery, and the Palace Stables. The buildings are set in a Baroque park landscape in the third district of the city, on the south-eastern edge of its centre. It houses the Belvedere museum.
    • burg hochosterwitz - outstanding example of a medieval fortress and stronghold. Launsdorf.
    • Eggenberg Palace - in Graz is the most significant Baroque palace complex in Styria. With its preserved accouterments, the extensive scenic gardens as well as some additional collections from the Universalmuseum Joanneum housed in the palace and park, Schloss Eggenberg counts among the most valuable cultural assets of Austria.
    • esterhÁzy palace - one of the most beautiful baroque palaces in Austria. Eisenstadt.
    • HAYDNHAUS - Joseph Haydn (1732-1809) spent the last twelve years of his life in Gumpendorf, at that time an outlying village of Vienna. Having bought his house between two periods of stay in England, he extended it by one floor, moving in aged 65 in 1797. Haydngasse 19.
    • Hofburg Palace - palace located in Vienna, Austria, that has housed some of the most powerful people in European and Austrian history, including the Habsburg dynasty, rulers of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. It currently serves as the official residence of the President of Austria. It was the Habsburgs' principal winter residence, as the Schönbrunn Palace was their preferred summer residence.
    • Jewish Museum Vienna - museum of Jewish history, life and religion in Austria.
    • JOHANN STRAUSS WOHNUNG - in 1867 in this apartment, Johann Strauss composed the world-famous waltz "The Blue Danube", Austria's "unofficial national anthem"! Strauss lived seven years on Praterstrasse, then a fashionable and elegant Viennese suburban street. Praterstraße 54 .
    • Kaiservilla - the little town of Bad Ischl in Upper Austria, the former summer capital of the great Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, has been associated with the Habsburg imperial dynasty for at least 700 years. The Imperial Villa in Ischl, the Emperor's summer residence, was described by Franz Josef I as "heaven on earth" for himself and his family.
    • MOZARTHAUS VIENNA - Mozart's residence from 1784 to 1787. This building in Vienna's Old Town, not far from St. Stephen's Cathedral, is his only surviving Viennese residence and is now a museum. Domgasse 5.
    • Museum of Military History - (Heeresgeschichtliches Museum), Vienna.
    • Museum of Natural History of Vienna - one of the important museums of the world, and the earliest collections of artifacts were begun over 250 years ago. The museum houses approximately 30 million objects.
    • Schloss EsterhÁzy - palace in Eisenstadt, the capital of the Burgenland state. It was constructed in the late 13th century, and came under ownership of the Hungarian Esterházy family in 1622.
    • SCHÖNBRUNN PALACE - former imperial 1,441-room Rococo summer residence in modern Vienna, Austria. One of the most important cultural monuments in the country. The palace and gardens illustrate the tastes, interests, and aspirations of successive Habsburg monarchs.
    • SCHUBERT GEBURTSHAUS - this is the house where the great composer Franz Schubert was born on 31 January 1797. Nußdorfer Straße 54.
    • SCHUBERT STERBEWOHNUNG - perhaps the most poignant of all the Wien Museum’s composer memorials is the house where Schubert died near Naschmarkt. Franz Schubert lived here for several weeks as his brother's guest in an apartment consisting of two rooms and a cabinet study on the second floor of the Biedermeier house, until his death on 19 November 1828. Here he composed his last works, among them the song "The Shepherd on the Rock". Kettenbrückengasse 6.
    • Tabula Peutingeriana - (Latin for "The Peutinger Map"), also referred to as Peutinger's Tabula or Peutinger Table, is an illustrated itinerarium (an ancient Roman road map) showing the layout of cursus publicus, the road network in the Roman Empire. The map is today kept at the Austrian National Library in Vienna.
    Denmark
  • Kronborg Castle, Elsinore.
  • LIST OF MUSEUMS IN DENMARK - Wikipedia.
  • MUSEUMS IN DEMARK BY CATEGORY - Wikipedia.
    • Bishop Absalon’s Castle & Copenhagen Castle - the ruins beneath the present Christiansborg Palace.
    • Christiansborg Palace - in the centre of Copenhagen has more than 800 years of history as the power base of the kingdom. Today the palace is home to the Parliament. Many parts of the palace are open to the public.
    • Danish War Museum - museum of military history & arms on Slotsholmen (next to Christiansborg Palace) in central Copenhagen. The collections of weapons are some of the most extensive in the world. More than 8000 swords, pistols, armours, machine guns and other weapons and military attributes are displayed in the museum's Great Gallery and the Canon Galley boasts more than 300 canons dating from the 16th century to present days.
    • Designmuseum Denmark - since 1890. Denmark's largest museum for Danish and international design and a central exhibition forum for industrial design and applied arts in Scandinavia. Bredgade 68, Copenhagen.
    • EGESKOV CASTLE - 5772 Kværndrup, Funen. The castle is Europe's best preserved Renaissance water castle.
    • Finn Juhl's House - from 1941 to 1942 furniture designer Finn Juhl designed and furnished his own house next door to Ordrupgaard Art Museum. The house is one of the first functionalistic one-family houses in Denmark. Here Finn Juhl lived until his death in 1989. Finn Juhl’s widow left the house and its interior unchanged. On April 3, 2008 the house opened as a separate, additional part of Ordrupgaard Art Museum.
    • Frederiksborg Palace.
    • Frederiksborg Palace - the museum of national history. 3400 Hillerød, North Zealand.
    • GLYPTOTEK - museum of ancient & modern art.
    • Hans Christian Andersen Museum - Odense, Funen.
    • Karen Blixen Museum - Rungstedlund, 2960 Rungsted Kyst, North Zealand. Karen Blixen lived there for most of her life. She was born on the estate in 1885, and returned there after her years in Kenya, chronicled in her book Out of Africa, to do most of her writings.
    • KRONBORG CASTLE - 3000 Helsingør (Elsinore), North Zealand. Immortalized as Elsinore in William Shakespeare's play Hamlet, Kronborg is one of the most important Renaissance castles in Northern Europe-
    • Maritime Museum of Denmark - 3000 Helsingør (Elsinore), North Zealand.
    • MOESGÅRD MUSEUM - 8270 Højbjerg, Jutland. Both a regional museum and a dedicated museum for archaeology and ethnography.
    • NATIONAL MUSEUM OF DENMARK - Copenhagen. Denmark’s largest museum of cultural history, comprising the histories of Danish and foreign cultures, alike. It contains exhibits from around the world, from Greenland to South America. The museum covers 14,000 years of Danish history, from the reindeer-hunters of the Ice Age, Vikings and works of art created in praise of God in the Middle Ages, when the church played a huge role in Danish life.
    • Rosenborg Castle.
    • Rosenborg Castle - renaissance castle located in Copenhagen.
    • Roskilde Cathedral.
    • ROSKILDE CATHEDRAL - 3000, Roskilde. The main burial site for Danish monarchs since the 15th century. Known as the church with the largest number of kings (20) and queens (17) buried in the world.
    • THE AMALIENBORG MUSEUM - at the Royal Palace.
    • The Crown Jewels - Rosenborg Castle.
    • THE DAVID COLLECTION - Copenhagen. Particularly noted for its collection of Islamic art from the 8th to the 19th century, which is one of the largest in Northern Europe.
    • THE MUSEUM OF NATIONAL HISTORY - Frederiksborg Castle, Hillerød north of Copenhagen.
    • The Theatre Museum at The Court Theatre - behind the Danish Parliament Christiansborg.
    • THORVALDSENS MUSEUM - Copenhagen. Single-artist museum dedicated to the art of Danish neoclassicistic sculptor Bertel Thorvaldsen (1770–1844).
    England, U.K.
  • British Museum, Great Russell Street, Bloomsbury, London WC1B 3DG, U.K.
  • 20 great British wonders that aren't World Heritage Sites - The Telegraph.
  • 22 of our favourite secret British interiors - The Telegraph.
  • Blue plaque - since 1866. Permanent sign installed in a public place in the United Kingdom and elsewhere to commemorate a link between that location and a famous person or event, serving as a historical marker. The oldest of its kind in the world.
  • Britain's 14 most beautiful churches - The Telegraph.
  • Britain's 15 best stately homes - The Telegraph.
  • ENGLISH HERITAGE
  • HISTORIC ROYAL PALACES
  • LIST OF MUSEUMS IN ENGLAND - Wikipedia.
  • London's best historical pubs: the ultimate tour - The Telegraph.
  • Make the Most of the British Museum - The New York Times.
  • MUSEUMS AROUND THE U.K. ON THE WEB
  • MUSEUMS IN UNITED KINGDOM
  • Secret London: 14 odd attractions you never knew were there - The Telegraph.
  • THE ROYAL PARKS
  • Why returning the Elgin Marbles to Greece would be madness - The Telegraph.
    • ArcelorMittal Orbit - 114.5 metre (376 feet) tall sculpture and observation tower in the Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park in Stratford, London. It is Britain's largest piece of public art, and is intended to be a permanent lasting legacy of London's hosting of the 2012 Summer Olympic and Paralympic Games.
    • Ashmolean Museum - Oxford. The world's first university museum.
    • BANQUETING HOUSE - Whitehall, London.
    • Battle of Waterloo - exhibition at National Army Museum, Chelsea, London.
    • Blenheim Palace - Woodstock, Oxfordshire. Residence of the dukes of Marlborough. It is the only non-royal non-episcopal country house in England to hold the title of palace.
    • Bletchley Park - Milton Keynes, Buckinghamshire. During the Second World War, Bletchley Park was the site of the United Kingdom's main decryption establishment, the Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS), where ciphers and codes of several Axis countries were decrypted, most importantly the ciphers generated by the German Enigma and Lorenz machines.
    • BRITISH MUSEUM - London. Dedicated to human history and culture. Its permanent collection, numbering some eight million works, is among the largest and most comprehensive in existence and originates from all continents, illustrating and documenting the story of human culture from its beginnings to the present.
    • Brooklands Museum - "The Birthplace of British Motorsport and Aviation, Home of Concorde." Weybridge, Surrey.
    • Canterbury Cathedral, Cathedral House, 11 The Precincts, Canterbury CT1 2EH, U.K.
    • CANTERBURY CATHEDRAL - one of the oldest and most famous Christian structures in England. Founded in 597, the cathedral was completely rebuilt from 1070 to 1077. The east end was greatly enlarged at the beginning of the twelfth century, and largely rebuilt in the Gothic style following a fire in 1174, with significant eastward extensions to accommodate the flow of pilgrims visiting the shrine of Thomas Becket, the archbishop who was murdered in the cathedral in 1170.
    • CHANGING OF THE GUARD - the pomp and ceremony involved in the Changing of the Guard is a popular London tourist attraction.
    • CHARRING CROSS - ince the second half of the 18th century Charing Cross has been seen as the centre of London. It is the primary of the central datum points for measuring distances from London along with the London Stone, Hicks Hall and the doors of St Mary-le-Bow church.
    • Churchill War Rooms - museum in London and one of the five branches of the Imperial War Museum. The museum comprises the Cabinet War Rooms, a historic underground complex that housed a British government command centre throughout the Second World War, and the Churchill Museum, a biographical museum exploring the life of British statesman Winston Churchill.
    • Coleridge Cottage - Nether Stowey, Somerset. Constructed in the 17th century as a building containing a parlour, kitchen and service room on the ground floor and three corresponding bed chambers above. The poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge lived here for three years from 1797. It was here that he wrote This Lime-Tree Bower My Prison, The Rime of the Ancient Mariner, part of Christabel, and Frost at Midnight.
    • Crystal Palace Museum - London.
    • Design Museum - London. The museum covers product, industrial, graphic, fashion &architectural design.
    • DR. JOHNSON'S HOUSE - London. Home and workplace for Samuel Johnson 1748-1759.
    • Eleanor crosses - were a series of twelve lavishly decorated stone monuments topped with tall crosses of which three survive nearly intact in a line down part of the east of England. King Edward I had the crosses erected between 1291 and 1294 in memory of his wife Eleanor of Castile, marking the nightly resting-places along the route taken when her body was transported to London.
    • Fitzwilliam Museum - Cambridge.
    • Fleet Air Arm Museum - "Europe's Largest Naval Aviation Collection." RNAS Yeovilton, Yeovil, Somerset, England, U.K.
    • FOUNDLING MUSEUM - London.
    • Glastonbury Abbey - monastery in Glastonbury, Somerset. Its ruins, a grade I listed building and scheduled ancient monument, are open as a visitor attraction. From at least the 12th century the Glastonbury area has been associated with the legend of King Arthur.
    • GREAT BRITISH GARDENS - England, Northern Ireland, Scotland and Wales.
    • HAMPSTEAD COURT PALACE - south west of London. It was originally built for Cardinal Thomas Wolsey, a favourite of King Henry VIII, circa 1514; in 1529, as Wolsey fell from favour, the palace was passed to the King, who enlarged it. The following century, King William III's massive rebuilding and expansion project intended to rival Versailles was begun. Work halted in 1694, leaving the palace in two distinct contrasting architectural styles, domestic Tudor and Baroque. While the palace's styles are an accident of fate, a unity exists due to the use of pink bricks and a symmetrical, if vague, balancing of successive low wings.
    • Handel & Hendrix in London - 25 Brook St. "Separated by a wall & 200 years are the homes of two musicians who chose London & changed music."
    • Highclere Castle - Highclere Park, Newbury, Hampshire. Highclere Castle is the main filming location for the British television period drama Downton Abbey.
    • Hunterian Museum, Royal College of Surgeons - London. In 1799 the government purchased the collection of John Hunter which they presented to the College. This formed the basis of the Hunterian Collection, which has since been supplemented by others including an Odontological Collection and the natural history collections of Richard Owen. The museum displays thousands of anatomical specimens, including the Evelyn tables and the skeleton of the "Irish giant" Charles Byrne (231 cm tall), and many surgical instruments.
    • HYDE PARK - one of London's finest landscapes and covers over 350 acres.
    • Imperial War Museum - London. British national museum organisation with branches at five locations in England, three of which are in London. Founded as the Imperial War Museum in 1917, the museum was intended to record the civil and military war effort and sacrifice of Britain and its Empire during the First World War. The museum's remit has since expanded to include all conflicts in which British or Commonwealth forces have been involved since 1914. As of 2012, the museum aims 'to provide for, and to encourage, the study and understanding of the history of modern war and "wartime experience"'.
    • KENWOOD HOUSE - Hampstead, London.
    • King Richard III Visitor Centre - Leicester.
    • King's College Chapel - Cambridge.
    • Lindisfarne Gospels - British Library. London.
    • LIST OF COUNTRY HOUSES - of historic / country houses, stately homes and estates, manors, and mansions in the United Kingdom.
    • London Eye - giant Ferris wheel on the South Bank of the River Thames in London. Also known as the Millennium Wheel, its official name was originally the British Airways London Eye, then the Merlin Entertainments London Eye, and since January 2011, the EDF Energy London Eye. The entire structure is 135 metres (443 ft) tall and the wheel has a diameter of 120 metres (394 ft). It is currently Europe's tallest Ferris wheel, the most popular paid tourist attraction in the United Kingdom with over 3.5 million visitors annually, and has made many appearances in popular culture.
    • LONDON STONE - 111 Cannon Street, London.
    • London's 11 most notorious public execution sites - The Telegraph.
    • MADAME TUSSAUDS - London.
    • Model of the field of Waterloo with troops positioned as at 19.45 hours, 18 June 1815 - at National Army Museum, Chelsea, London.
    • MUSEUM OF LONDON - since 1976. Documents the history of London from prehistoric to modern times.
    • National Army Museum - Chelsea, London.
    • NATIONAL HISTORY MUSEUM - London. The museum is home to life and earth science specimens comprising some 70 million items within five main collections: Botany, Entomology, Mineralogy, Palaeontology and Zoology. The museum is a world-renowned centre of research, specialising in taxonomy, identification and conservation. Given the age of the institution, many of the collections have great historical as well as scientific value, such as specimens collected by Darwin.
    • OFFICIAL GUIDE TO UK MUSEUMS, GALLERIES, EXHIBITONS & HERITAGE
    • Oxford University Press Museum - "This small museum preserves and displays historic books, documents and printing equipment of the Oxford University Press."
    • PARKER LIBRARY - Corpus Christi College, Cambridge University. A treasure house of Medieval and Renaissance manuscripts and early printed books, including the Bury Bible.
    • Pitt Rivers Museum - Oxford. Displaying the archaeological and anthropological collections of the University of Oxford.
    • Portsmouth Historic Dockyard - featuring the ships HMS Victory and HMS Warrior (1860) and the chance to learn about the Mary Rose ahead of launching a brand new museum.
    • PUDDING LANE - street in London, formerly the location of Thomas Farriner's bakehouse where the Great Fire of London began in 1666.
    • River and Rowing Museum - Henley-on-Thames, Oxfordshire. It has three main themes represented by major permanent galleries, the non-tidal River Thames, the international sport of rowing and the local town of Henley-on-Thames.
    • ROYAL AIR FORCE MUSEUM
    • ROYAL PAVILLION - Brighton.
    • SCIENCE MUSEUM - London. Holds a collection of over 300,000 items, including such famous items as Stephenson's Rocket, Puffing Billy (the oldest surviving steam locomotive), the first jet engine, a reconstruction of Francis Crick and James Watson's model of DNA, some of the earliest remaining steam engines, a working example of Charles Babbage's Difference engine (and the latter, preserved half brain), the first prototype of the 10,000-year Clock of the Long Now, and documentation of the first typewriter. It also contains hundreds of interactive exhibits.
    • Sir John Soane's Museum - Holborn, London. Formerly the home of the neo-classical architect Sir John Soane. It holds many drawings and models of his projects and the collections of paintings, drawings and antiquities that he assembled.
    • St. Paul's Cathedral - London. Consecrated in 1708. Is a Church of England cathedral, the seat of the Bishop of London and mother church of the Diocese of London. It sits at the top of Ludgate Hill, the highest point in the City of London. Its dedication to Paul the Apostle dates back to the original church on this site, founded in AD 604. The present church, dating from the late 17th century, was designed in the English Baroque style by Sir Christopher Wren.
    • STONEHENGE - English Heritage.
    • Temple Church - late 12th-century church in the City of London located between Fleet Street and the River Thames, built by the Knights Templar as their English headquarters.
    • THE AMERICAN MUSEUM IN BRITAIN - Claverton Manor, Bath. The only museum of Americana outside the United States.
    • THE NATIONAL TRUST - "We look after historic houses, gardens, mills, coastline, forests, farmland, moorland, islands, castles, nature reserves, villages... and pubs."
    • THE ROYAL COLLECTION - royal palaces, residences and art collection.
    • THE SHERLOCK HOLMES MUSEUM
    • THE STATE ROOMS AT BUCKINGHAM PALACE - London.
    • The Wheatcroft Collection - large and important collection of historical softskin and armoured military vehicles. It is one of the largest private collection of military vehicles in the world and believed to be the world's largest collection of Nazi memorabilia.
    • Tower Bridge Exhibition - London. "Built 120 years ago to ease road traffic while maintaining river access to the busy Pool of London docks. Built with giant moveable roadways that lift up for passing ships, it is to this day considered an engineering marvel and beyond being one of London’s favourite icons, it is arguably one of the most famous and instantly recognisable structures in the entire world."
    • TRAILBLAZING - three and a half centuries of Royal Society publishing.
    • TREWITHEN GARDEN - "An historic private estate boasting one of the loveliest gardens in England."
    • VICTORIA AND ALBERT MUSEUM - London. The world's largest museum of decorative arts and design, housing a permanent collection of over 4.5 million objects. It was founded in 1852 and named after Queen Victoria and Prince Albert, the Prince Consort.
    • WINDSOR CASTLE
    France
  • Palace of Versailles.
  • Eerily Empty Louvre: What It’s Like When Floods Keep Tourists Away - The New York Times.
  • European Heritage Days - French Ministry of Culture and Communication.
  • Fontainebleau: A Forgotten Treasure - The New York Times.
  • French museum discovers half of its collection are fakes - The Telegraph.
  • LIST OF MUSEUMS IN FRANCE - Wikipedia.
  • List of museums in Paris - Wikipedia.
  • Lost at the Louvre? There’s an App for That - The New York Times.
  • Louvre's missing pyramid & the magic of trompe l’oeil - The Guardian.
  • Make the Most of the Louvre - The New York Times.
  • MUSEUMS IN FRANCE BY CATEGORY
  • MUSEUMS OF PARIS
    • ALBERT KAHN MUSEUM & GARDENS - Boulogne-Billancourt. Historic photographs & film.
    • Amiens Cathedral, 30 Place Notre Dame, 80000 Amiens.
    • AMIENS CATHEDRAL - medieval cathedral builders were trying to maximize the internal dimensions in order to reach for the heavens and bring in more light. In that regard, the Amiens cathedral is the tallest complete cathedral in France, its stone-vaulted nave reaching an internal height of 42.30 metres (138.8 ft) (surpassed only by the incomplete Beauvais Cathedral). It also has the greatest interior volume of any French cathedral, estimated at 200,000 cubic metres (260,000 cu yd). The cathedral was built between 1220 and c.1270 and has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1981.
    • ARC DE TRIOMPHE - "Come and visit the Arc de Triomphe at Place de l'Étoile at the top of the Champs-Élysées, a national symbol." Wanted by Napoleon in 1806, the Arc de Triomphe was inaugurated in 1836 by French king, Louis-Philippe, who dedicated it to the armies of the Revolution and the Empire. The Unknown Soldier was buried at the base of the arch in 1921. The flame of remembrance is rekindled every day at 18:30.
    • ArÈnes de LutÈce - are among the most important remains from the Gallo-Roman era in Paris (known in antiquity as Lutetia, or Lutèce in French). Lying in what is now the Quartier Latin, this amphitheater could once seat 15,000 people, and was used to present gladiatorial combats.
    • Basilica of St Denis, 1 Rue de la Légion d'Honneur, 93200 Saint-Denis.
    • Basilica of St Denis - large medieval abbey church in the city of Saint-Denis, now a northern suburb of Paris. The building is of unique importance historically and architecturally, as its choir completed in 1144 is considered to be the first Gothic church ever built. The burial place of the French kings, with nearly every king from the 10th to the 18th centuries being buried there, as well as many from previous centuries.
    • BAYEUX TAPESTRY MUSEUM
    • Canal du Midi - since 1681. 241 km (150 mi) long canal in Southern France. It was considered at the time to be one of the greatest construction works of the 17th century.
    • Carcassonne - fortified French town in the Aude department. The city is famous for the CitÉ de Carcassonne, a medieval fortress restored by the theorist and architect Eugène Viollet-le-Duc in 1853 and added to the UNESCO list of World Heritage Sites in 1997.
    • Carnavalet Museum - dedicated to the history of the city. 23, rue de Sévigné, 75003 Paris. The Carnavalet houses the following: about 2,600 paintings, 20,000 drawings, 300,000 engravings and 150,000 photographs, 2,000 modern sculptures and 800 pieces of furniture, thousands of ceramics, many decorations, models and reliefs, signs, thousands of coins, countless items, many of them souvenirs of famous characters, and thousands of archeological fragments. ...
    • Chartres Cathedral, 16 Cloître Notre Dame, 28000 Chartres.
    • CHARTRES CATHEDRAL - about 80 kilometres (50 mi) southwest of Paris. It is considered one of the finest examples of French Gothic architecture and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The current cathedral, mostly constructed between 1194 and 1250, is the last of at least five which have occupied the site since the town became a bishopric in the 4th century.
    • Château de Blois, 6 Place du Château, 41000 Blois. Photo: By Tango7174 - Own work, GFDL.
    • CHÂTEAU DE BLOIS - the Royal Château de Blois is located in the Loir-et-Cher département in the Loire Valley in the center of the city of Blois. The residence of several French kings. It has 564 rooms and 75 staircases although only 23 were used frequently. There is a fireplace in each room. There are 100 bedrooms.
    • Château de Chambord, Château, 41250 Chambord, France.
    • CHÂTEAU DE Chambord - at Chambord, Loir-et-Cher, France, is one of the most recognisable châteaux in the world because of its very distinctive French Renaissance architecture which blends traditional French medieval forms with classical Renaissance structures. The building, which was never completed, was constructed by King Francis I of France.
    • CHÂTEAU DE CHANTILLY - the château houses the Musée Condé It is one of the finest art galleries in France and is open to the public.
    • CHÂTEAU de Ferney-Voltaire - Allée du Château, 01210 Ferney-Voltaire. Voltaire rebuilt the castle entirely from 1758. He landscaped the grounds and didn't shrink from getting his hands dirty himself. Alternately town planner, entrepreneur, and patron of the arts, Voltaire transformed the town of Ferney along the lines laid out in Candide (1759) and summed up in his famous maxim: "il faut cultiver notre jardin" (we must tend to our garden).
    • Château de Fontainebleau, 77300 Fontainebleau.
    • CHÂTEAU de Fontainebleau - located 55 kilometres (34 miles) southeast of the centre of Paris, and is one of the largest French royal châteaux. The medieval castle and later château was the residence of French monarchs from Louis VII through Napoleon III. Napoleon I abdicated his throne there before being exiled to Elba. "The true residence of Kings." - Napoleon I.
    • CHÂTEAU DE Rambouillet - château in the town of Rambouillet, Yvelines department, in the Île-de-France region in northern France, 50 km (31 mi) southwest of Paris. It was the summer residence of the Presidents of the French Republic from 1896 until 2009.
    • Château de Vaux-le-Vicomte, 77950 Maincy.
    • ChÂteau de Vaux-le-Vicomte - baroque French château located in Maincy, near Melun, 55 kilometres (34 mi) southeast of Paris in the Seine-et-Marne département. Constructed from 1658 to 1661 for Nicolas Fouquet.
    • Chauvet Cave - contains the earliest known and best preserved figurative cave paintings in the world. Chauvet-Pont-d'Arc Cave in the Ardèche department of southern France.
    • Chemin de fer de Petite Ceinture - Parisian railway that, from 1852, was a circular connection between Paris's main railway stations within the fortified walls of the city. In a partial state of abandonment since 1934, the future of its yet-undeveloped property is the subject of much debate as of 2013.
    • City walls of Paris - several successive city walls surrounded Paris from ancient times through until the twentieth century, except for between 1670 (when Louis XIV ordered the demolition of the Louis XIII Wall) and 1785 (when construction began on the Wall of the Farmers-General). The walls served to defend the town, protect inhabitants, and assess goods sold in Paris.
    • Conques - in the department of Aveyron. It is built on a hillside and has classic narrow Medieval streets. The historic core of the town has very little construction dating from between 1800 and 1950, leaving the medieval structures remarkably intact.
    • EIFFEL TOWER - Paris.
    • FONDATION PIERRE BERGÉ - YVES SAINT LAURENT - 5, avenue Marceau, Paris 16, France.
    • GALERIES NATIONALES DU GRAND PALAIS - Paris.
    • Gobelins Manufactory - tapestry factory located in Paris at 42 Avenue des Gobelins. It is best known as a royal factory supplying the court of the French monarchs since Louis XIV and is now run by the Administration générale du Mobilier national et des Manufactures nationales de tapis et tapisseries of the French Ministry of Culture. The factory is open for guided tours several afternoons per week by appointment as well as for casual visits every day except Mondays and some specific holidays.
    • GRAND PALAIS - is a large historic site, exhibition hall and museum complex located at the Champs-Élysées in the 8th arrondissement of Paris.
    • Grande Galerie de l'Évolution - Paris. Natural history museum.
    • Jardin des Plantes, 57 Rue Cuvier, 75005 Paris, France.
    • Jardin des Plantes - 57 Rue Cuvier, 75005 Paris, France. Since 1635. The main botanical garden in France. About 4500 plants are arranged by family on a one hectare (10,000 sq. m.) plot. Three hectares are devoted to horticultural displays of decorative plants. An Alpine garden has 3000 species with world-wide representation. Specialized buildings, such as a large Art Deco winter garden, and Mexican and Australian hothouses display regional plants, not native to France. The Rose Garden, created in 1990, has hundreds of species of roses and rose trees.
    • JEU DE PAUME - museum of contemporary art.
    • La Conciergerie - 2 Boulevard du Palais, 75001 Paris. Former prison in Paris. Hundreds of prisoners during the French Revolution were taken from the Conciergerie to be executed on the guillotine at a number of locations around Paris.
    • LA MAISON DES CANUTS - a living museum that reveals the richness and quality of the silk industry in Lyon.
    • Laon Cathedral, Rue du Cloître, 02000 Laon.
    • Laon Cathedral - one of the most important examples of the Gothic architecture of the 12th and 13th centuries, earlier than the cathedrals of Sens and Notre Dame of Paris and ranking with them in importance. It is located in Laon, Picardy.
    • Lascaux Caves: cave painting of a dun horse.
    • Lascaux Caves - a complex of caves in southwestern France famous for its Paleolithic cave paintings. These paintings are estimated to be 17,300 years old. They primarily consist of images of large animals, most of which are known from fossil evidence to have lived in the area at the time.
    • Le Plan de Rome.
    • Le Plan de Rome - University of Caen. Large architectural model of Ancient Rome. It is a plaster model of about 70 square metres at a scale of 1:400, showing Rome as it would have been in the time of the emperor Constantine I (4th century AD).
    • Les Invalides - Paris. Commonly known as Hôtel national des Invalides (The National Residence of the Invalids), or also as Hôtel des Invalides, is a complex of buildings in the 7th arrondissement of Paris, containing museums and monuments, all relating to the military history of France, as well as a hospital and a retirement home for war veterans, the building's original purpose.
    • Lourdes - yearly from March to October the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Lourdes is a place of mass pilgrimage from Europe and other parts of the world. The spring water from the grotto is believed by some to possess healing properties. In 1858 Lourdes rose to prominence in France and abroad due to the Marian apparitions seen by the peasant girl Bernadette Soubirous, who was later canonized. Shortly thereafter the city became one of the world's most important sites of pilgrimage and religious tourism. It is the second most important center of tourism in France, second only to Paris, and the third most important site of international Catholic pilgrimage after Rome and the Holy Land.
    • LOUVRE - since 1792. One of the world's largest museums and a historic monument in Paris, France. A central landmark of the city, it is located on the Right Bank of the Seine. Nearly 35,000 objects from prehistory to the 21st century are exhibited over an area of 60,600 square metres (652,300 square feet). The Louvre is the world's most visited museum, receiving more than 9.7 million visitors in 2012.
    • Maison de Victor Hugo - 6 Place des Vosges, 75004 Paris.
    • Mont Saint-Michel - Normandy, 50170 Le Mont-Saint-Michel.
    • MUSÉE AIR + ESPACE - Aéroport de Paris-Le Bourget, 93350 Le Bourget, France. French aerospace museum. Occupying over 150,000 square metres (1,600,000 sq ft) of land and hangars, it is one of the oldest aviation museums in the world. The museum's collection contains more than 19,595 items, including 150 aircraft, and material from as far back as the 16th Century. Also displayed are more modern air and spacecraft, including the prototype for Concorde, and Swiss and Soviet rockets.
    • MUSÉE DE L'ANNONCIADE DE SAINT-TROPEZ
    • MUSÉE DE L'ARMÉE - Hôtel national des Invalides, 129 rue de Grenelle, 75007 Paris. National military museum of France. The museum's seven main spaces and departments contain collections that span the period from antiquity through the 20th century. It holds 500,000 artifacts, including weapons, armor, artillery, uniforms, emblems and paintings.
    • MUSÉE de la Chasse et de la Nature - 62, rue des Archives, 75003 Paris. Private museum of hunting and nature.
    • MusÉe de l'École de Nancy - since 1964. Museum devoted to the École de Nancy, an Art Nouveau movement founded in 1901 by Émile Gallé, Victor Prouvé, Louis Majorelle, Antonin Daum and Eugène Vallin in the city of Nancy in Lorraine.
    • MusÉe de l'Homme - (Museum of Man). Anthropology museum in Paris.
    • MusÉe des arts dÉcoratifs de Paris - since 1905. 107, rue de Rivoli, 75001 Paris, France.
    • MusÉe des Maisons Comtoises - open-air museum extends over a 15-hectare site at Nancray.
    • MUSÉE Édith Piaf - 5, rue Crespin du Gast, 75011 Paris. Private museum dedicated to singer Édith Piaf (1915-1963). It contains memorabilia including her china collection, gold and platinum records, dress and shoes, photographs, fan letters, sheet music, posters, and recordings.
    • MUSÉE GADAGNE - Lyon. Composed of the Musée d'histoire de Lyon (Museum of Lyon History) and the Musée des marionnettes du monde (Museum of world puppets).
    • MusÉe Galliera - since 1895. "Museum of Fashion." Also known as the Musée de la Mode de la Ville de Paris. 10, avenue Pierre Ier de Serbie, 75116 Paris, France.
    • MUSÉE MATISSE DE NICE - 164, avenue des Arènes de Cimiez, 06000 Nice.
    • MUSÉE NATIONAL DES ARTS ET MÉTIERS
    • MUSÉE NATIONAL du Moyen Âge - Paris. Houses a variety of important medieval artifacts, in particular its tapestry collection, which includes the fifteenth century tapestry cycle La Dame à la Licorne (The Lady and the Unicorn). Other notable works stored there include early Medieval sculptures from the seventh and eighth centuries. There are also works of gold, ivory, antique furnishings, stained glass, and illuminated manuscripts.
    • MUSÉE Nissim de Camondo - elegant house museum of French decorative arts located in the Hôtel Camondo, 63, rue de Monceau, at the edge of the Parc Monceau, in the 8th arrondissement of Paris.
    • MUSÉE PICASSO PARIS - Hôtel Salé, 5 rue de Thorigny, 75003 Paris.
    • MUSÉUM NATIONAL D'HISTOIRE NATURELLE - National Museum of Natural History.
    • Museum of European and Mediterranean Civilisations | MuCEM - since 2013. Located in Marseille. The museum is devoted to European and Mediterranean civilisations. With a permanent collection charting historical and cultural cross-fertilisation in the Mediterranean basin, it takes an interdisciplinary approach to society through the ages up to modern times.
    • Notre-Dame de Paris, 6 Parvis Notre-Dame - Pl. Jean-Paul II, 75004 Paris.
    • NOTRE-DAME DE PARIS - medieval Catholic cathedral on the Île de la Cité in the fourth arrondissement of Paris, France. The cathedral is widely considered to be one of the finest examples of French Gothic architecture, and is among the largest and most well-known church buildings in the world. The naturalism of its sculptures and stained glass are in contrast with earlier Romanesque architecture.
    • PALACE OF VERSAILLES - royal château in Versailles in the Île-de-France region of France. The court of Versailles was the centre of political power in France from 1682, when Louis XIV moved from Paris, until the royal family was forced to return to the capital in October 1789 after the beginning of the French Revolution. Versailles is therefore famous not only as a building, but as a symbol of the system of absolute monarchy of the Ancien Régime.
    • Place des Vosges - the oldest planned square in Paris and one of the finest in the city. It is located in the Marais district, and it straddles the dividing-line between the 3rd and 4th arrondissements of Paris. Originally known as the Place Royale, the Place des Vosges was built by Henri IV from 1605 to 1612. A true square (140 m × 140 m), it embodied the first European program of royal city planning.
    • Notre-Dame de Reims, Place du Cardinal Luçon, 51100 Reims.
    • REIMS CATHEDRAL - the seat of the Archdiocese of Reims, where the kings of France were crowned. The cathedral replaced an older church, destroyed by fire in 1211, that was built on the site of the basilica where Clovis was baptized by Saint Remi, bishop of Reims, in AD 496. That original structure had itself been erected on the site of some Roman baths.
    • Rouen Cathedral, 3 rue Saint-Romain, 76000 Rouen, Normandy.
    • Rouen Cathedral - consecrated October 1, 1063 in the presence of William the Conqueror. The cathedral is in the Gothic architectural tradition. The church was the tallest building in the world from 1876-1880 with a height of 151m.
    • Saint-Malo - historic walled port city and commune (with the commune expanded beyond the walls in 1968), in Brittany on the English Channel coastline of northwestern France. The city is a major tourist destination, with many ancient structures.
    • Sainte-Chapelle, Île de la Cité/Île Saint Louis, 6 Boulevard du Palais, 75001 Paris, France.
    • Sainte-Chapelle - royal medieval Gothic chapel, located near the Palais de la Cité, on the Île de la Cité in the heart of Paris.
    • Tours Cathedral, Place de la Cathédrale, 37000 Tours. Photo: Luca Volpi (Goldmund100)
    • Tours Cathedral - built between 1170 and 1547. Dedicated to Saint Gatianus. It is the seat of the Archbishops of Tours, the metropolitan cathedral of the Tours ecclesiastical province.
    • Vézelay Abbey, 89450 Vézelay.
    • VÉzelay Abbey - in Vézelay in the Yonne department in northern Burgundy. The Benedictine abbey church, now the Basilica of Sainte-Marie-Madeleine (Saint Mary Magdalene), with its complicated program of imagery in sculpted capitals and portals, is one of the outstanding masterpieces of Burgundian Romanesque art and architecture. Relics of Mary Magdalene can be seen inside the Basilica.
    Germany
  • Cologne Cathedral, Cologne, Germany.
  • LIST OF MUSEUMS IN GERMANY - Wikipedia.
  • Museum Island - the name of the northern half of an island in the Spree river in the central Mitte district of Berlin. It is so called for the complex of five internationally significant museums, all part of the Berlin State Museums.
  • PRUSSIAN PALACES & GARDENS - Official site.
  • THE MOST IMPORTANT MUSEUMS IN GERMANY
    • Aachen - traditionally known in English and French as Aix-la-Chapelle, is a spa and border city in North Rhine-Westphalia. Aachen was the preferred residence of Charlemagne, and, from 936 to 1531, the place where 31 Holy Roman Emperors were crowned Kings of the Germans.
    • Albrecht DÜrer's House - Nuremberg.
    • ALTES (OLD) MUSEUM
    • AUTO & TECHNIK MUSEUM SINSHEIM - Sinsheim, Germany. The largest permanent Formula One collection in Europe along with Ferrari’s motorcycles, land speed record holders and classic cars. The largest privately-owned museum in Europe.
    • Basilica of the Fourteen Holy Helpers - church located near the town of Bad Staffelstein near Bamberg, in Bavaria, southern Germany. The late Baroque-Rococo basilica, designed by Balthasar Neumann, was constructed between 1743 and 1772. It is dedicated to the Fourteen Holy Helpers, a group of saints venerated together in the Catholic Church, especially in Germany at the time of the Black Death.
    • Berlin Wall Memorial - central memorial site of German division, located in the middle of the capital.
    • BERLINER UNTERWELTEN - guided tours. Society for exploration and documentation of subterranean architecture in Berlin.
    • Bismarck-Museum Friedrichsruh - Aumühle, Schleswig-Holstein.
    • Bode Museum - one of the group of museums on the Museum Island in Berlin. It is the home for a collection of sculptures, Byzantine art, and coins and medals.
    • Beethoven House - Bonngasse 20, Bonn, Germany, is a memorial site, museum and cultural institution serving various purposes. Founded in 1889 by the Beethoven-Haus association, it studies the life and work of composer Ludwig van Beethoven.
    • Buddenbrookhaus - Lübeck.
    • Bundeswehr Military History Museum - Dresden.
    • CHARLOTTENBURG PALACE - the largest palace in Berlin, and the only surviving royal residence in the city dating back to the time of the Hohenzollern family.
    • Checkpoint Charlie Museum - named after the famous crossing point on the Berlin Wall (13 August 1961 - 9 November 1989).
    • COLOGNE CATHEDRAL
    • DEUTSCHE GUGGENHEIM - Berlin.
    • DEUTSCHES HISTORISCHES MUSEUM | GERMAN HISTORICAL MUSEUM
    • DEUTSCHES HISTORISCHES MUSEUM: LINZER SAMMLUNG
    • DEUTSCHES MEERESMUSEUM | OZEANEUM - Stralsund.
    • DEUTSCHES MUSEUM IN MUNICH
    • Die Neue Sammlung - Munich. One of the leading design museums in the world, with the largest collection of industrial and product design.
    • Documentation Centre Nazi Party Rally Grounds - Nuremberg.
    • Dokumentation Obersalzberg - 83471 Berchtesgaden, Bavaria. Offers the visitor to this historic site the opportunity to study and reflect on the history of Obersalzberg and the history of National Socialism.
    • Ducal Vault - Weimar’s Ducal Vault is not a typical burial place for a royal family. Since 1832, the members of the House of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach have shared their tomb with the two most famous poets of Weimar classicism, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and Friedrich Schiller. Historischer Friedhof, Am Poseckschen Garten, 99423 Weimar.
    • Eltz Castle - medieval castle nestled in the hills above the Moselle River between Koblenz and Trier. It is still owned by a branch of the same family (the Eltz family) that lived there in the 12th century, 33 generations ago.
    • Fuggerei - world's oldest social housing complex still in use. It is a walled enclave within the city of Augsburg, Bavaria. It takes it name from the Fugger family and was founded in 1516 by Jakob Fugger the Younger (known as "Jakob Fugger the Rich") as a place where the needy citizens of Augsburg could be housed. It is still inhabited today, affording it the status of being the oldest social housing project in the world.
    • German Wallpaper Museum - founded in 1923. Hessian State Museum, Brüder-Grimm-Platz 5, 34117 Kassel.
    • GERMANISCHES NATIONALMUSEUM - Nuremberg. The largest museum of cultural history in the German-speaking region.
    • Goethe Gartenhaus - the former vineyard cottage in the Park on the Ilm, probably built around the end of the 16th century, was the first home acquired by Johann Wolfgang Goethe in Weimar in 1776, a few months after his arrival in Weimar, together with the surrounding garden. Park an der Ilm, 99423 Weimar.
    • Goethe National Museum - world-renowned for its presentation and study of Goethe’s life and legacy. It is comprised of Goethe’s historic residence and garden on Frauenplan and includes a portion of Goethe’s private art and natural scientific collections and personal library. Frauenplan 1, 99423 Weimar.
    • GrÜnes GewÖlbe | GREEN VAULT - Dresden. Enjoys world renown as one of the richest treasure chambers in Europe.
    • Gutenberg Museum Mainz - since 1900. "Experience the history of printing, writing, and books in the Gutenberg-Museum. The Gutenberg-Museum, which lies opposite the cathedral in the heart of the old part of Mainz, is one of the oldest museums of the book and printing in the world."
    • Heinz Nixdorf MuseumsForum - Fürstenallee 7, Paderborn. "More than just the world´s biggest computer museum."
    • HELMUT NEWTON FOUNDATION - Berlin.
    • Hermannsdenkmal | Hermann monument - monument located in Ostwestfalen-Lippe in Germany. It stands on the densely forested and 386 m tall. The monument commemorates the Cherusci war chief Hermann or Armin (Latin: Arminius) and the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest in which the Germanic tribes under Arminius recorded a decisive victory in 9 AD over three Roman legions under Varus.
    • House of the Wannsee Conference - Am Großen Wannsee 56-58, 14109 Berlin. The Wannsee Conference was a meeting of senior officials of the Nazi German regime, held in the Berlin suburb of Wannsee on 20 January 1942. The purpose of the conference was to inform administrative leaders of Departments responsible for various policies relating to Jews that Reinhard Heydrich had been appointed as the chief executor of the "Final solution to the Jewish question".
    • Internationales Maritimes Museum Hamburg - (International Maritime Museum) is a private museum in the HafenCity quarter of Hamburg. The museum houses Peter Tamm's collection of model ships, construction plans, uniforms, and maritime art, amounting to over 40,000 items and more than one million photographs.
    • Jewish Museum - Berlin. One of the largest Jewish Museums in Europe.
    • MARGARETE STEIFF MUSEUM - Giengen an der Brenz. Home of the famous Teddy bear.
    • Marstallmuseum - at Nymphenburg Palace, Munich. Museum of carriages and sleighs in the former royal stables.
    • Memorium Nuremberg Trials - Nuremberg.
    • MERCEDES-BENZ MUSEUM - Mercedesstrasse 100, Stuttgart.
    • Memorial St. Nikolai - Hamburg. Permanent exhibition: "Gomorrah 1943 – Hamburg’s destruction through aerial warfare."
    • Museum for Art and Industry - Hamburg.
    • MUSEUMS OF COLOGNE
    • Neanderthal Museum - Mettmann. Located at the site of the first Neanderthal man discovery in the Neandertal, it features an exhibit centered on human evolution.
    • Neuengamme Concentration Camp Memorial - Jean-Dolidier-Weg 75, Hamburg.
    • NEUES (NEW) MUSEUM - Berlin. Exhibits include the Egyptian and Prehistory and Early History collections, as it did before the war. The artifacts it houses include the iconic bust of the Egyptian queen Nefertiti, the Green Head, the Golden Hat and many other famous objects.
    • NEUSCHWANSTEIN CASTLE - Hohenschwangau (Bavaria).
    • Nymphenburg Palace - baroque palace in Munich, Bavaria, southern Germany. The palace is the main summer residence of the former rulers of Bavaria of the House of Wittelsbach.
    • PERGAMON MUSEUM - accommodates three separate museums: the Antikensammlung (Collection of Classical Antiquities), occupying the architectural halls and the sculpture wing, the Vorderasiatisches Museum (Museum of the Ancient Near East) and the Museum für Islamische Kunst (Museum of Islamic Art).
    • Pilgrimage Church of Wies - (German: Wieskirche) is an oval rococo church, designed in the late 1740s by Dominikus Zimmermann, who lived nearby for the last eleven years of his life. It is located in the foothills of the Alps, in the municipality of Steingaden in the Weilheim-Schongau district, Bavaria.
    • Richard Wagner Museum - Bayreuth. Since 1976, Richard Wagner’s home, Wahnfried House, has been home to the Richard Wagner Museum. Built between 1872 and 1874 in the palace grounds in Bayreuth, Wahnfried House is also the last resting place of Richard Wagner, who was buried in the gardens after his death in 1883.
    • Royal Palace Dresden - Hall of the Giants. Contains one of the most important collections of ceremonial weapons, armour and costume in the world. More than 350 objects are displayed, including tournament and ceremonial weaponry and accoutrements.
    • SANSSOUCI - the former summer palace of Frederick the Great, King of Prussia, in Potsdam, near Berlin. It is often counted among the German rivals of Versailles.
    • SchwerbelastungskÖrper - (German: "heavy load-bearing body") (a.k.a. Großbelastungskörper - GBK) is a hefty concrete cylinder in Berlin, Germany located at the intersection of Dudenstraße, General-Pape-Straße, and Loewenhardtdamm in the northwestern part of the borough of Tempelhof. It was erected in 1941-1942 by Hitler’s chief architect Albert Speer to determine the feasibility of constructing large buildings on the area's marshy, sandy ground, specifically a massive triumphal arch on a nearby plot.
    • Speicherstadt - literally: 'City of Warehouses', meaning warehouse district) in Hamburg, is the largest warehouse district in the world where the buildings stand on timber-pile foundations, oak logs, in this particular case. It is located in the port of Hamburg—within the HafenCity quarter—and was built from 1883 to 1927. As the first site in Hamburg, it has been awarded the status of UNESCO World Heritage Site on 5 July 2015.
    • Stasi-Museum Berlin - Ruschestraße 103, Haus 1, Berlin. The headquarter of the State Security. Considering itself the "shield and sword of the party". The centrepiece of the highly secured compound was "house 1", constructed in 1960. It was built as the seat of the offices of the Minister of State Security. The minister's offices ("the Mielke suite"), the offices of those of his inner circle as well as the conference room and lounge have been almost completely preserved in their original condition.
    • Teufelsberg - Berlin. "The Teufelsberg is a monument of history. It emerged from the fractures and dislocations of the history of Berlin, Germany, and therefore the world. The Empire, National Socialism and the Cold War have left their mark at this remote location – layer by layer."
    • The Eagle's Nest | Kehlsteinhaus - at Obersalzberg in Berchtesgaden, Bavaria. 50th birthday present for Adolf Hitler to serve as a retreat, and a place for him to entertain visiting dignitaries.
    • THE Hitler Pages - "Historical Hitler Sites."
    • Top Secret Museum - Oberhausen. "The World's Most Comprehensive Exhibit On Espionage."
    • Walhalla memorial - hall of fame that honors laudable and distinguished people, famous personalities in German history – politicians, sovereigns, scientists and artists of the German tongue". The hall is housed in a neo-classical building above the Danube River, east of Regensburg, in Bavaria.
    • WEWELSBURG MUSEUM - Renaissance castle located in the northeast of North Rhine-Westphalia. The castle has a triangular layout - three round towers connected by massive walls. After 1934, it was used by the SS under Heinrich Himmler and was to be expanded to the central SS-cult-site. After 1941, plans were developed to enlarge it to the so-called "Center of the World". In 1950 the castle was reopened as a museum and youth hostel.
    • WÜrzburg Residenz - former residence of the Würzburg prince-bishops is one of the most important baroque palaces in Europe and today it is on UNESCO's World Heritage list.
    Iceland
  • Viking World museum.
  • LIST OF MUSEUMS IN ICELAND - Wikipedia.
    • Húsavík Whale Museum - Húsavík.
    • Ice Cave - "Ice tunnels and caves in Langjökull." A visit to the Ice Cave will be a unique glacier experience. It is a journey inside the glacier. Langjökull (Icelandic for "long glacier") is the second largest ice cap in Iceland (953 km²), after Vatnajökull. It is situated in the west of the Icelandic interior or Highlands of Iceland and can be seen clearly from Haukadalur.
    • National Museum of Iceland - Reykjavík.
    • VIKING WORLD MUSEUM - Reykjanesbær.
    Ireland
  • National Museum of Ireland – Archaeology.
  • LIST OF MUSEUMS IN IRELAND - Wikipedia.
    • National Museum of Ireland - Dublin. The national museum in Ireland. It has three branches in Dublin and one in County Mayo, with a strong emphasis on Irish art, culture and natural history.
    • Russborough House - stately house situated near the Blessington Lakes in County Wicklow. Reputed to be the longest house in Ireland, with a frontage measuring 210 m/700 ft. It is an example of Palladian architecture. Amongst the paintings returned are four Claude Joseph Vernet paintings entitled 'Morning', 'Midday', 'Sunset', and 'Night' and Vermeer's Lady Writing a Letter With Her Maid and Goya's Portrait of Dona Antonia Zarate.
    Italy
  • Colosseum, Rome, Italy.
  • $42,000 way to experience Florence's Accademia art museum - CNN travel.
  • Italy's Invisible Cities - TV series. (2017).
  • Leaning Tower of Pisa loses some of its tilt - "The Leaning Tower of Pisa has slowly started defying its name, losing four centimeters of its tilt over the past 17 years."
  • List of ancient monuments in Rome - Wikipedia.
  • LIST OF MUSEUMS IN ITALY - Wikipedia.
  • MUSEUMS IN ITALY - booking & reservations.
  • Pompeii now faces a second extinction - The Guardian.
  • Pompeii's destruction date could be wrong - "Vesuvius eruption may have been later than thought."
  • Shaking Up Italy’s Most Popular Museum - The New York Times.
    • Assisi - town and comune of Italy in the Province of Perugia in the Umbria region. It was the birthplace of St. Francis, who founded the Franciscan religious order in the town in 1208.
    • Basilica di Santa Maria Maggiore - Papal major basilica and the largest Catholic Marian church in Rome.
    • Basilica of San Vitale - church in Ravenna, and one of the most important examples of early Christian Byzantine art and architecture in Europe. At the foot of the apse side walls are two famous mosaic panels, completed in 547. On the right is a mosaic depicting the East Roman Emperor Justinian I, clad in Tyrian purple with a golden halo, standing next to court officials, Bishop Maximian, palatinae guards and deacons.
    • Ca' Rezzonico - palazzo on the Grand Canal in the Dorsoduro sestiere of Venice. Today, it is a public museum dedicated to 18th-century Venice and one of the 11 venues managed by the Fondazione Musei Civici di Venezia.
    • Capitoline Museums - Rome. A group of art and archeological museums in Piazza del Campidoglio, on top of the Capitoline Hill.
    • Cascata delle Marmore - (Marmore's Falls) is a man-made waterfall created by the ancient Romans. Its total height is 165 m (541 feet), making it the tallest man-made waterfall in the world.
    • Castello Orsini-Odescalchi - Bracciano (Rome).
    • Castelvecchio Museum - Verona.
    • Catajo Castle - Battaglia Terme (PD).
    • Centrale Montemartini Museum - Rome.
    • Chirico House museum - Piazza di Spagna 31, Rome. "They say that Rome is at the centre of the world and that Piazza di Spagna is in the centre of Rome, therefore, my wife and I, would indeed be living in the centre of the centre of the world, which would be the apex of centrality, and the apogee of anti-eccentricity." - Giorgio de Chirico.
    • COLOSSEUM - Rome. Also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre. An elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy. Built of concrete and stone, it was the largest amphitheatre of the Roman Empire, and is considered one of the greatest works of Roman architecture and engineering. It is the largest amphitheatre in the world.
    • Ducal palace of Urbino - Renaissance building in the Italian city of Urbino in the Marche. One of the most important monuments in Italy, it is listed as UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1998. The construction of the Ducal Palace was begun for Duke Federico III da Montefeltro around the mid-fifteenth century by the Florentine Maso di Bartolomeo.
    • Enrico Caruso Museum - Villa Bellosguardo, Lastra a Signa, Florence.
    • Florence Cathedral Works - Opera di Santa Maria del Fiore, Florence.
    • Galleria dell’ Accademia - Florence. (Accademia Gallery). Most famous for its sculptures by the great Renaissance artist, Michelangelo.
    • Grande Museo del Duomo - a single great museum comprising the Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, Brunelleschi's Dome, Giotto's Bell Tower, the Baptistry of San Giovanni, the Crypt of Santa Reparata and the Opera Museum. "If you haven't seen this, you haven't seen Florence."
    • HERCULANEUM - ancient Roman town destroyed by volcanic pyroclastic flows in 79 AD, located in the territory of the current commune of Ercolano, in the Italian region of Campania in the shadow of Mt. Vesuvius.
    • Late Baroque Towns of the Val di Noto (South-Eastern Sicily) - UNESCO World Heritage Centre.
    • MAXXI - National Museum of the 21st Century Arts is a national museum dedicated to contemporary creativity.
    • Museo del Violino - Palazzo dell’Arte, Piazza Marconi 5, 26100 Cremona (IT), Italy.
    • MUSEO DELL'AUTOMOBILE | The National Automobile Museum - Torino. Italy's car museum. The collection has almost 200 cars among eighty automobile brands representing eight countries (Italy, France, Great Britain, Germany, Holland, Spain, United States of America, Poland).
    • Museo della CiviltÀ Romana - (Museum of Roman Civilization). Rome.
    • Museo Egizio - Turin. Specialising in Egyptian archaeology and anthropology. It houses the world's second largest collections of Egyptian antiquities after Cairo.
    • Museo Salvatore Ferragamo - Florence.
    • Museum of the Treasure of St. Gennaro - Naples. The Treasure of San Gennaro is composed of art works and donations collected in seven centuries of Popes, Kings, Emperors, famous and ordinary people.
    • NAPLES UNDERGROUND - guided tours.
    • National Archaeological Museum, Naples - since 1777. Important Italian archaeological museum, particularly for ancient Roman remains. Its collection includes works from Greek, Roman and Renaissance times, and especially Roman artifacts from nearby Pompeii, Stabiae & Herculaneum.
    • Padua Baptistery - dedicated to St. John the Baptist, is a religious building found on the Piazza del Duomo next to the cathedral in Padua. Preserved inside is one of the most important fresco cycles of the 14th century, a masterpiece by Giusto de Menabuoi.
    • Paestum - was a major ancient Greek city on the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea in Magna Graecia (southern Italy). The ruins of Paestum are famous for their three ancient Greek temples in the Doric order, dating from about 600 to 450 BC, which are in a very good state of preservation. Paestum contains three of the most well-preserved ancient Greek temples in the world. Today the remains of the city are found in the modern frazione of Paestum, which is part of the comune of Capaccio in the Province of Salerno, Campania.
    • PALLADIO | CENTRO INTERNAZIONALE VICENZA
    • PALAZZO CAPPONI - Florence.
    • Palazzo Pitti - Renaissance palace in Florence, Italy. It is situated on the south side of the River Arno, a short distance from the Ponte Vecchio. The core of the present palazzo dates from 1458 and was originally the town residence of Luca Pitti, an ambitious Florentine banker.
    • PALAZZO VECCHIO - Florence.
    • POMPEII - ruined and partially buried Roman town-city near modern Naples in the Italian region of Campania, in the territory of the comune of Pompei.
    • Pre-Constantinian Necropolis - Saint Peter's Basilica, Rome. At the end of the necropolis is an aedicule (Trofeo di Gaio), which both legend and recent studies indicate as the Apostle Peter's tomb.
    • Rome Foundation Museum
    • Santa Maria del Fiore - Florence. The "Fabbriceria della Cattedrale di Firenze", or Florence Cathedral Works, was founded by the Florentine Republic in 1296 to oversee construction of the cathedral.
    • The Gallery of Maps - Rome. Gallery located on the west side of the Belvedere Courtyard in the Vatican containing a series of painted topographical maps of Italy based on drawings by friar and geographer Ignazio Danti.
    • Tivoli & Surroundings - Tivoli (Rome).
    • TREVI FOUNTAIN - Rome.
    • Triennale di Milano - design museum and events venue in Milan.
    • Urbino - walled city in the Marche region of Italy, south-west of Pesaro, a World Heritage Site notable for a remarkable historical legacy of independent Renaissance culture, especially under the patronage of Federico da Montefeltro, duke of Urbino from 1444 to 1482. Its best-known architectural piece is the Palazzo Ducale.
    • Vatican Museums - Vatican City (Rome).
    • Villa Adriana - Tivoli (Rome). The villa was constructed at Tibur (modern-day Tivoli) as a retreat from Rome for Roman Emperor Hadrian during the second and third decades of the 2nd century AD.
    • Villa La Rotonda - Renaissance villa just outside Vicenza in northern Italy, and designed by Andrea Palladio.
    • VILLA NOBEL - Sanremo.
    • Villa Romana del Casale - Roman villa urbana built in the first quarter of the 4th century and located about 3 km outside the town of Piazza Armerina, Sicily. It contains the richest, largest and most complex collection of Roman mosaics in the world.
    • VILLA SAN MICHELE - Capri.
    Netherlands
  • Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
  • Dutch gallery removes racist artwork titles - The Telegraph.
  • LIST OF MUSEUMS IN THE NETHERLANDS - Wikipedia.
    • Allard Pierson Museum - the archaeological museum of the University of Amsterdam.
    • AMSTERDAM HISTORICAL MUSEUM
    • AMSTERDAM TULIPMUSEUM
    • ANNE FRANK MUSEUM - Amsterdam.
    • CRYPTO MUSEUM - "At present we are a virtual museum in The Netherlands, that can only be visited on the internet. We do, however, regularly organize exhibitions in co-operation with other museums."
    • Fries Museum - Leeuwarden. Frisian provincial museum. The Mata Hari hall is dedicated to the life of the dancer and spy, who was born in 1876 in Leeuwarden as Margaretha Zelle.
    • Huis Doorn - manor house and national museum in the town of Doorn. The museum shows the early 20th-century interior from the time when former German Emperor Wilhelm II lived in the house, and allows access to 6,500 photographs from the digitized collection of the earlier German Emperor Wilhelm II.
    • Museum Boerhaave - Leiden. Museum of the history of science and medicine. The museum hosts a collection of historical scientific instruments from all disciplines, but mainly from medicine, physics, and astronomy. The museum is named after Herman Boerhaave, a Dutch physician and botanist who was famous in Europe for his teaching at Leiden and lived to a great age, receiving brilliant students from all over Europe, including Peter the Great, Voltaire and Linnaeus.
    • MUSEUM VAN LOON - Amsterdam.
    • REMBRANDT HOUSE - Amsterdam.
    • RIJKSMUSEUM - Museumplein, Amsterdam.
    • Teyler's Museum - Haarlem. The oldest museum in the Netherlands, open to the public since 1784.
    Romania
  • Palace of the Parliament | Palatul Parlamentului.
  • LIST OF MUSEUMS IN Romania - Wikipedia.
    • Bran Castle - "Dracula's Castle." Bran, near Braşov. The distance to Bucharest is of less than 200 km.
    • Palace of the Parliament | Palatul Parlamentului - completed in 1997. Multi-purpose building containing both chambers of the Romanian Parliament. According to the World Records Academy, the Palace is the world's largest civilian building with an administrative function, most expensive administrative building and heaviest building.
    Russia
  • Kremlin Arsenal, Moscow.
  • LIST OF MUSEUMS IN RUSSIA - Wikipedia.
  • RUSSIAN MUSEUMS
    • Amber Room - world-famous chamber decorated in amber panels backed with gold leaf and mirrors, located in the Catherine Palace of Tsarskoye Selo near Saint Petersburg.
    • BOLSHOI THEATRE - founded in 1776. Moscow.
    • Catherine Palace - Saint Petersburg. It was the summer residence of the Russian tsars.
    • Kazan Cathedral - Saint Petersburg.
    • State Historical Museum - Moscow.
    • THE MOSCOW KREMLIN
    • THE STATE HERMITAGE MUSEUM - Saint Petersburg.
    • Tsarskoye Selo - was the town containing a former Russian residence of the imperial family and visiting nobility, located 24 kilometers (15 mi) south from the center of Saint Petersburg.
    • Verkhoturye - one of the oldest Russian settlements east of the Urals, and with forty churches in the area, Verkhoturye is considered one of the centers of Russian Christianity. Famous churches include the Trinity Church (1703—1712), Nikolay Monastery (established in 1604) with the Cathedral of Exaltation of the Holy Cross (1905—1913), and Transfiguration Church (1821). In addition, the town houses the oldest female monastery beyond Urals (established in 1621).
    Scotland, U.K.
  • Edinburgh Castle, Edinburgh.
  • LIST OF MUSEUMS IN SCOTLAND - Wikipedia.
    • EDINBURGH CASTLE - historic fortress which dominates the skyline of the city of Edinburgh. Archaeologists have established human occupation of the rock since at least the Iron Age (2nd century AD). There has been a royal castle on the rock since at least the reign of David I in the 12th century, and the site continued to be a royal residence until the Union of the Crowns in 1603.
    • National Museum of Scotland - "Our diverse collections will take you on a journey of discovery through the history of Scotland, the wonders of nature and world cultures - all under one roof."
    • The Royal Yacht Britannia, Ocean Drive, Leith, Edinburgh EH6 6JJ, Scotland, U.K.
    • THE ROYAL YACHT BRITANNIA - Edinburgh. "Scotland's best visitor attraction." Discover what life was like on board The Queen's floating royal residence.
    Sweden
  • Vasa Museum, Djurgården, Stockholm.
  • List of castles & palaces in Sweden - Wikipedia.
  • LIST OF MUSEUMS IN SWEDEN - Wikipedia.
  • MUSEUMS IN SWEDEN BY CATEGORY
    • 007 JAMES BOND MUSEUM - Emmabodavägen 20, 382 45 Nybro.
    • ABBA THE MUSEUM - Stockholm.
    • ARMY MUSEUM - Stockholm. One of Sweden’s best historical museums, with exhibitions on three spacious floors.
    • Disgusting Food Museum - "80 of the world's most disgusting foods." Adventurous visitors will appreciate the opportunity to smell and taste some of these notorious foods. Do you dare smell the world’s stinkiest cheese? Or taste sweets made with metal cleansing chemicals? Carlsgatan 12, 211 20 Malmoe, Sweden.
    • Drottningholm Palace - on UNESCO's World Heritage list. It is the most well-preserved royal castle built in the 1600s in Sweden and at the same time is representative of all European architecture for the period.
    • Gripsholm Castle - on the shores of Lake Mälaren. Known as Gustav Vasa's castle, as it was he who built the castle here in 1537. See the Swedish State's collection of portraits – featuring prominent Swedes from the days of Gustav Vasa to present day musician and composer Benny Andersson.
    • Kalmar Castle - castle in the city Kalmar in the province of Småland.
    • Riddarholmen Church - the final resting place of the Swedish kings & Stockholm's only preserved medieval monastery church.
    • Royal Palace of Stockholm
    • STRINDBERG MUSEUM - Stockholm.
    • The Treasury - Stockholm. Here you can see Gustav Vasa´s sword of state, Erik XIV´s crown, sceptre & orb and Lovisa Ulrika´s crown.
    • VASA MUSEUM - Djurgården, Stockholm. The museum displays the only almost fully intact 17th century ship that has ever been salvaged, the 64-gun warship Vasa that sank on her maiden voyage in 1628.
    Turkey
  • Hagia Sophia, Istanbul.
  • LIST OF MUSEUMS IN TURKEY - Wikipedia.
    • CHORA MUSEUM - Istanbul. Considered to be one of the most beautiful surviving examples of a Byzantine church.
    • Gaziantep Museum of Archaeology - Gaziantep. Best known for its collection of mosaics, most of which were excavated from the ancient Roman city site of Zeugma. Other exhibits include a collection of paleolithic artifacts; items from a Bronze Age necropolis; Hittite, Persian, Roman, Hellenistic, and Commagene artworks and glassware; Ottoman and Islamic coins and medallions; and the skeleton of a mammoth.
    • Hagia Sophia - Istanbul. Former Orthodox patriarchal basilica (church), later a mosque, and now a museum in Istanbul, Turkey. From the date of its dedication in 360 until 1453, it served as an Eastern Orthodox cathedral and seat of the Patriarchate of Constantinople, except between 1204 and 1261, when it was converted to a Roman Catholic cathedral under the Latin Empire. The building was a mosque from 29 May 1453 until 1931, when it was secularized. It was opened as a museum on 1 February 1935.
    • Topkapi Palace - large palace in Istanbul, that was the primary residence of the Ottoman Sultans for approximately 400 years (1465-1856) of their 624-year reign.
    Vatican City
  • Vatican City.
  • VATICAN MUSEUMS - Wikipedia.
    • SISTINE CHAPEL - the best-known chapel of the Apostolic Palace, the official residence of the Pope in the Vatican City. It is famous for its architecture and its decoration that was frescoed throughout by Renaissance artists including Michelangelo, Sandro Botticelli, Pietro Perugino, Pinturicchio, Domenico Ghirlandaio, and others. Under the patronage of Pope Julius II, Michelangelo painted 1,100 m2 (12,000 sq ft) of the chapel ceiling between 1508 and 1512. The ceiling, and especially The Last Judgment (1535–1541), is widely believed to be Michelangelo's crowning achievement in painting.
    • VATICAN MUSEUMS - official site.
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